Motivation, as it name implies, can be defined in several number of ways. Though, it is generally defined as a driving force that reflects and directs behaviour. In other words, motivation can be said to be a kind of internal energy which moves a person to do something so as to achieve something. It could either be a temporal or dynamic state within a person which does not have anything to do with his/her personality. There are several types of motivation which includes the following; affiliation motivation, achievement motivation, power motivation, competence motivation, and attitude motivation.
Motivation is based on three different specific aspects such as the direction of behaviour, the arousal of behaviour, and persistence of behaviour. Arousal of behaviour engages what actually activates human behaviour and the direction of behaviour is concerned with what directs behaviour towards a specific goal. Persistence of behaviour is really concerned with how the behaviour can be sustained. Various studies have been conducted to know the different motives that compel a person to success. Motives are then categorized into three: homeostatic, nonhomeostatic, and social or learned motives. Roughly all the motives belong to one or more of the three groups listed as follows; Motives such as hunger, excretion, thirst, and respiration are included in homeostatic motives.
Nonhomeostatic motives consist of required activities such as shelter seeking and curiosity as regards the environment. Curiosity, is an aspiration for novelty, achievement, power, social affiliation, and approval are actually considered as social motives or learned motives.
Motivation is the essential to be successful in any endeavour you embarked on. It could either be positive or negative, tangible or intangible, obvious or subtle. It is also very important in workplaces as it plays an important role in the effective performance of every employee. In manufacturing companies, managers tend to play a significant role in motivating the employee. They make use of different motivation techniques so as to improve productivity in the industry, thereby helping to promote cooperation between all the employees and the employers.
Learning is, to some extent, interrelated to motivation. In education, instructors also make use of motivation techniques so as to get the students motivated helping them to understand the reason why it is so important to learn. It is essentially important to increase student motivation as it can also make a student much more competent.
Motivation also helps to encourage and build up self confidence and problem solving skills.